(40) Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath
Matthew 12:1-21, Mark 2:23-28; 3:1-12, Luke 6:1-11
[A]And it came to pass on the second Sabbath after the first, Jesus and His disciples went through the grainfields. His disciples were hungry, and as they walked along they began to pick and eat the heads of grain after rubbing the husk off in their hands. [B]But when some of the Pharisees saw this, they said to Jesus, “Look, your disciples are breaking the law of the Sabbath! Why are they doing this?”
[C]So Jesus answered them, saying, “Haven’t you ever read even this, what David did when he and those with him were hungry and in need of food? [D]How he went into the house of God when Abiathar was the high priest and ate the showbread that only priests were allowed to eat and then gave some to his men? [E]Or haven’t you read in the law how every Sabbath the priests actually break the law when they enter the temple and work, yet they are not guilty? [F]But I tell you, right here is one greater than the temple. [G]And if you had known what this means, ‘I will have mercy and not sacrifice,’ you would not have condemned the guiltless.”
[H]Then He said to them, “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. Therefore the Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath.”
[I]Jesus left that place, but on another Sabbath He went again into their synagogue and taught; and look, a man was there whose right hand was withered. The scribes and the Pharisees were also there, watching Him to see if He would heal on the Sabbath, so they might accuse Him. “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath days?” they asked.
[J]But He knew what they had in mind and said to the man who had the withered hand, “Get up and stand here before the people.” And he got up and stood there.
[K]Then Jesus said to them, “If you had one sheep to fall into a pit on the Sabbath, is there a man among you who would not work to lift it out that day? [L]Isn’t a man much better than a sheep? Therefore, I will ask you one thing. Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or evil, to save life or kill it?” But they kept silent.
[M]Jesus was grieved because of the hardness of their hearts. He looked around at them all with anger and said to the man, “Stretch out your hand!” He stretched it out, and his hand was completely restored, just like the other. [N]And the Pharisees were filled with madness and discussed with one another what they would do to Jesus. They went out and went straight to the Herodians, speaking against Him and holding a council with them on how they might destroy Him.
[O]When Jesus knew that they were planning to kill Him, He left that place and withdrew to the sea with His disciples. And great multitudes followed Him. They came from Galilee, Judea, Jerusalem, Idumea, and from beyond the Jordan. A great crowd also came from the region of Tyre and Sidon. They had heard what great things He did; and they came to Him, and He healed them all.
[P]Because of the crowd, He told His disciples to have a small boat waiting for Him, to keep the people from crowding Him. [Q]For He had healed many, so many that they who had afflictions kept pushing their way to Him so they could just touch Him. [R]And whenever unclean spirits saw Him, they would fall before Him, crying out, “You are the Son of God.” [S]But Jesus strictly warned them not to make Him known. [T]All these things were to fulfill what Isaiah the prophet said:
[U]Behold, my servant whom I have
chosen, my beloved in whom my soul
is well pleased. I will put my
Spirit upon Him, and He shall show
judgment to the Gentiles.
[V]He will not quarrel nor cry
out, nor will anyone hear His voice
in the streets.
[W]He will not break a bruised
reed, or quench a smoldering wick.
But He will lead justice to victory,
[X]and in His name the Gentiles will
(40) Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath
Matthew 12:1-21, KJV
At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. 2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day. 3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him; 4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests? 5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless? 6 But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple. 7 But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless. 8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day. 9 And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue: 10 And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him. 11 And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? 12 How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days. 13 Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it forth; and it was restored whole, like as the other. 14 Then the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him. 15 But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: and great multitudes followed him, and he healed them all; 16 And charged them that they should not make him known: 17 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, 18 Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles. 19 He shall not strive, nor cry; neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets. 20 A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory. 21 And in his name shall the Gentiles trust.
(40) Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath
Mark 2:23-28; 3:1-12, KJV
23 And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn. 24 And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful? 25 And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? 26 How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him? 27 And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: 28 Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.
And he entered again into the synagogue; and there was a man there which had a withered hand. 2 And they watched him, whether he would heal him on the sabbath day; that they might accuse him. 3 And he saith unto the man which had the withered hand, Stand forth. 4 And he saith unto them, Is it lawful to do good on the sabbath days, or to do evil? to save life, or to kill? But they held their peace. 5 And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it out: and his hand was restored whole as the other. 6 And the Pharisees went forth, and straightway took counsel with the Herodians against him, how they might destroy him. 7 But Jesus withdrew himself with his disciples to the sea: and a great multitude from Galilee followed him, and from Judaea, 8 And from Jerusalem, and from Idumaea, and from beyond Jordan; and they about Tyre and Sidon, a great multitude, when they had heard what great things he did, came unto him. 9 And he spake to his disciples, that a small ship should wait on him because of the multitude, lest they should throng him. 10 For he had healed many; insomuch that they pressed upon him for to touch him, as many as had plagues. 11 And unclean spirits, when they saw him, fell down before him, and cried, saying, Thou art the Son of God. 12 And he straitly charged them that they should not make him known.
(40) Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath
Luke 6:1-11, KJV
And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands. 2 And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days? 3 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him; 4 How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone? 5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath. 6 And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered. 7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him. 8 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth. 9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it? 10 And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other. 11 And they were filled with madness; and communed one with another what they might do to Jesus.
(1) Hos. 6:6 (2) Isa. 42:1-4
[A] Mt 12:1, Mk 2:23, Lk 6:1 [B] Mt 12:2, Mk 2:24, Lk 6:2 [C] Mt 12:3, Mk 2:25, Lk 6:3 [D] Mt 12:4, Mk 2:26, Lk 6:4 [E] Mt 12:5 [F] Mt 12:6 [G] Mt 12:7 [H] Mt 12:8, Mk 2:27-28, Lk 6:5 [I] Mt 12:9-10, Mk 3:1-2, Lk 6:6-7 [J] Mk 3:3, Lk 6:8 [K] Mt 12:11 [L] Mt 12:12, Mk 3:4, Lk 6:9 [M] Mt 12:13, Mk 3:5, Lk 6:10 [N] Mt 12:14, Mk 3:6, Lk 6:11 [O] Mt 12:15, Mk 3:7-8 [P] Mk 3:9 [Q] Mk 3:10 [R] Mk 3:11 [S] Mt 12:16, Mk 3:12 [T] Mt 12:17 [U] Mt 12:18 [V] Mt 12:19 [W] Mt 12:20 [X] Mt 12:21
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